He became Zürich's City Physician, but was able to spend much of his time on collecting, research and writing. Kusukawa, S. (2007) Konrad Gessner: the beginnings of modern zoology (1516-1565). He was frequently the first to describe a species of plant or animal in Europe, such as the tulip in 1559. The Swiss physician, natural scientist, and polymath Conrad Gessner was the founder of modern zoology, charted new directions in botany, and published the most lavishly illustrated book on minerals and fossils of the 16 th century. 53–88, https://archive.org/stream/bibpapers9a10bibluoft#page/56/mode/2up. Gessner amassed such a collection of zoological specimens he created a museum in house for them (rumour has it that this is where Gessner requested to be laid just before died). The team tell us all about the exciting sessions for school children, as well as work further afield. ZSL works across Asia, from the famous national parks of Nepal to marine protected areas in the Philippines. Conrad Gessner's "Historia Animalium": An Inventory of Renaissance Zoology. Conrad Gessner was a Swiss physician, naturalist, bibliographer, and philologist. Conrad Gessner (also Konrad Gesner, Conrad Geßner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus, Conrad Gesner; 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss naturalist and bibliographer. To his contemporaries, he was best known as a botanist, and indeed … USTC : 664937 , 74932 . A physician whose life was plagued by poverty and chronic ill health, Conrad Gessner nevertheless managed to make important contributions to botany, zoology, bibliography and philology. Each animal has a woodcut to illustrate it, with a thorough description broken down in to eight topics.  The images on this page are all taken from these books, but many more curious examples of animals can be found in the volumes. ), Zoology in Early Modern Culture. An inspired, informed and empowered community of people work, study and volunteer together at ZSL. He was frequently the first to describe a species of plant or animal in Europe, such as the tulip in 1559. The Chagos archipelago is a rare haven for marine biodiversity. Conrad Gessner (or Konrad Gessner, 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss naturalist and bibliographer.His five-volume Historiae animalium (1551–1558) is a forerunner of modern zoology.The flowering plant genus Gesneria is named after him.. Career. These are some of the oldest volumes in ZSL Library. Subscribe to email updates from ZSL and expect to hear about: The Zoological Society of London is incorporated by Royal Charter - Registered Charity in England and Wales no. Sophia Hendrikx, Identification of herring species in Conrad Gessner’s ichthyological works, a case study on taxonomy, nomenclature, and animal depiction in the sixteenth century. Conrad Gessner is considered a major encyclopedist of the 16 th century. 71-75. Print. Gessner compiled monumental works on bibliography (Bibliotheca universalis 1545–1549) and zoology (Historia animalium The Great Naturalists. He is regarded as the father of modern scientific bibliography, zoology and botany. London: Thames & Hudson pp. Yet despite Gessner’s best efforts for accuracy, there are still some ‘interesting’ descriptions and illustrations of animals, including an unusual looking giraffe, a unicorn and even a hydra! He is regarded as the father of modern scientific bibliography, zoology and … He became Zürich's City Physician, but was able to spend much of his time on collecting, research and writing. USTC : 664936 , 74931 . Alfredo Serrai, Conrad Gesner, ed. View Volume. He is regarded as the father of modern scientific bibliography, zoology and botany. Gessner compiled monumental works on bibliography and zoology and was working on a major botanical text at the time of his death from plague at the age of 49. Rondeletius. Conrad Gessner (or Konrad Gessner, 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss naturalist and bibliographer.His five-volume Historiae animalium (1551–1558) is a forerunner of modern zoology.The flowering plant genus Gesneria is named after him.. Career. In it, Gesner attempted to list and describe all of the world's animals. note 2: The purpose of the book is defined in several books and articles as an encyclopedia (as Gesner himself purports it), though the specific source of my knowledge of it came from Acheson's article. His magnum opus, however, was the Historia animalium ("Accounts of Animals"), published at Zürich in 1551–1558, a 4,500-page encyclopedia of animals, now regarded as the starting point of modern zoology.It was also the first printed work to include illustrations of fossils. ZSL Library holds 4 of the 5 original Gessner volumes of Historiae animalium, plus a later abridged version from 1560. Conrad Gesner (1516-1565) was a Swiss naturalist and bibliographer. He was frequently the first to describe a species of plant or animal in Europe, such as the tulip in 1559. It was because of this book that Gessner earned the nick name ‘The Father of Bibliography’.Â. Describvntur, cum nomenclaturis singulorum Latinis, Graecis, italicis, Gallicis, et Germanicis digestae. He was well known as a botanist, physician and classical linguist. Every month, one of the pieces held in ZSL’s Library and at ZSL Whipsnade Zoo will feature here as Artefact of the Month. The five-hundredth and first anniversary of Conrad Gessner’s (1516-1565) birth was celebrated this year, with the Biodiversity Heritage Library hosting a webinar on the Smithsonian’s Rare Book Library’s collection of Gessner works. But, undoubtedly it is Gessner’s Historiae animalium (History of Animals) that is considered his magnum opus. Gessner’s work aimed to describe all of the animals that were known at the time, even though he would not have seen the majority of them in the flesh. Historiae animalium was published in four volumes between 1551-1558, with a fifth volume published posthumously in 1587.  The first two volumes describe mammals, the third birds, the fourth aquatic mammals, and the posthumous fifth concerns serpents. He later went on to teach Greek in Lausanne, and then Aristotelian philosophy back in his hometown of Zurich, where he then spent much of the remainder of his life. Retrieved 26 September Gessner, Conrad ; et al. Read testimonials from our Members and extracts from ZSL's award winning members' magazine, Wild About. His five-volume Historiae animalium (1551–1558) is considered the beginning of modern zoology, and the flowering plant genus Gesneria … The exhibition is in German and English. Copy-specific information: An Open Access journal for research at the interface of remote sensing, ecology and conservation. Gessner was born in Zurich in 1516 to the furrier Ursus Gessner and his wife Agnes Frick. From the field to the lab, catch up with the scientists on the cutting edge of conservation biology at ZSL’s Institute of Zoology. expand Liber 1 (1551); Liber 2 (1586) view volume. These topics included, among others, all the known names of the animal in living and dead languages, the animal’s physical description, geographical range, uses in medicine, and even any mentions in history and literature.  Before Gessner, descriptions of animals were mostly in list format with only the more interesting, or useful, animals being given more thorough treatment. Read the latest updates on our conservation. Beaulieux, 1904 : p.388 . A number of plants and animals have been named after him. Enenkel (Eds. Conrad Gessner 1516-1565. Date Scanned: 09/26/2013. In 1545, Gessner published his book The Universal Bibliography, in which he sought to record all of the titles of books that had ever been written since antiquity. Hear from the team about our projects to protect the environments in the British Indian Ocean Territory (BIOT). Sponsor: Biodiversity Heritage Library. Gessner Conrad Icones avium omnium, quae in historia avium Conradi gesneri describuntur, cum nomenclaturis singulorum Latinis, italicis, Gallicis et Germanicis plerunque, per certos ordines digestae. Gessner compiled monumental works on bibliography (Bibliotheca universalis 1545–1549) and zoology (Historiae animalium 1551–1558) and was working on a major botanical text at the time of his death from plague at the age of 49. Find out more about face masks, the ‘rule of six’ and how we are making your visit safe here. Et II. Bay, J. C. (1916) Konrad Gessner (1516–1565), the Father of Bibliography : an appreciation. He was a prolific writer, publishing 72 books, many of them compilations of contemporary knowledge in a number of different fields. He attended the Carolinum in Zurich and later moved to the Fraumunster seminary. In: Paul J. Smith and Karl A.E. Conrad Gessner : biography 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565 Conrad Gesner (Konrad Gesner, Conrad Geßner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus, Conrad Gesner; 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss naturalist and bibliographer. “Conrad Gessner is one of the most important scientists in Switzerland; he is the father of zoology, and also of bibliography. Conrad Gessner (also Konrad Gesner, Conrad Geßner, Conrad von Gesner, Conradus Gesnerus, Conrad Gesner; 26 March 1516 – 13 December 1565) was a Swiss naturalist and bibliographer. Maria Cochetti, (Rome, 1990). For guided tours please contact us. Born into a poor family in Zürich, Switzerland, his father and teachers quickly realised his talents and supported him through university, where he studied classical languages, theology and medicine. Robert Lauterborn, "Konrad Gessner und die Tierkunde," in Der Rhein, (Freiburg, 1930), 1, 136-8. Gessner called upon the literature of early naturalists such as Pliny and Aristotle for many descriptions, and significantly he tried to gather as much physical evidence as he could by using traveller’s descriptions and specimens. All special exhibitions and events to mark the 500 th anniversary of the birth of the Zurich polymath Conrad Gessner (1516-1565) Conrad Gesner studied classical languages and theology in Strasbourg and as of 1533 studied medicine in Bourges, Paris, and Montpellier. In 1537, he was appointed professor of Greek at the Academy in Lausanne. LAC scc 2018-12-07 update (1 card) A day in Discovery and Learning at ZSL is never dull! Dezember 1965, des großen Zürcher Naturforschers, Universalhistorikers und Arztes Conrad Gessner herausgegeben). One source called this perhaps the best exposition of Gesner as zoologist. Gessner compiled monumental works on bibliography and zoology and was working on a major botanical text at the time of his death from plague at the age of 49. Images from the volume will be displayed in ZSL Library from Thursday 3rd March 2016 as part of World Book Day Celebrations. If you would like to consult any of these works in person, please contact the Library to make an appointment as they form part of our ‘special collections’  http://www.zsl.org/about-us/zsl-library-collection. Conrad Gessner was a Swiss physician, naturalist, bibliographer, and philologist. Gessner compiled monumental works on bibliography (Bibliotheca universalis 1545–1549) and zoology (Historia animalium 1551–1558) and was working on a major botanical text at the time of his death from plague at the age of 49. AU - Gessner, Conrad, KW - Pre-Linnean works KW - Zoology ER - Volumes. Conrad Gesner; born March 16, 1516, in Zurich; died December 13, 1565. Historia animalium “History of the Animals”published at Zurich in —58 andis an encyclopedic “inventory of renaissance zoology” by Hisoriae Gessner — He was well known as a botanist, physician and classical linguist. A blog for lovers of ZSL London Zoo, bringing you extraordinary animal facts and exclusive access to the world's oldest scientific zoo. This March we will be celebrating the 500th birthday of the Swiss naturalist (born 26 March 1516), Konrad Gessner (or Conrad Gesner), and his key role in the beginnings of modern zoology. Meppel: S.n., 1977. Conrad Gesner, Conrad also spelled Konrad, Gesner also spelled Gessner, (born March 26, 1516, Zürich, Swiss Confederation [Switzerland]—died December 13, 1565, Zürich), Swiss physician and naturalist best known for his systematic compilations of information on animals and plants.. Education and career. The complete work includes a fifth volume: Lib. However, Gessner’s zoology is the primary book in this science, not only for the sixteenth century, but also for the centuries that followed. V. Qui est de serpentium natura ex variis schedis et collectaneis ejusdem compositus per J. Carroum ... Tiguri, 1587. Born into a poor family in Zürich, Switzerland, his father and teachers quickly realised his talents and supported him through university, where he studied classical languages, theology and medicine. He studied at Strasbourg, Bourges (1532–1533) and Paris.In 1535, religious unrest drove him back to Zürich, where he made an … His five-volume Historiae animalium (1551-1558) is considered the beginning of modern zoology, and the flowering plant genus Gesneria (Gesneriaceae) is named after him. Gessner, Conrad]. He is regarded as the father of modern scientific bibliography, zoology and botany. Conrad Gessner (1516-1565), surnommé "le Pline de l'Allemagne" eut pour passion sa vie durant de réunir et de coordonner les matériaux de son grand ouvrage sur l'Histoire naturelle, quadrupèdes, oiseaux, poissons, plantes, fossiles et minéraux. - Fischer, Hans. We do not know a great deal about Gessner’s family life, but it is believed that he was born in to a large family, where with so many mouths to feed, the young Gessner was sent to spend his childhood in the care of a grand uncle. Conrad Gessner was born in Zurich, Switzerland back in 1516 Ursus, sorry no mention of the mother. 208728.Principal Office England - Company Number RC000749 - Registered address Regent's Park, London, England NW1 4RY, Elephant from Konrad Gessner's Historiae animalium, Giraffe from Konrad Gessner's Historiae Animalium, Unicorn from Konrad Gessner's Historiae Animalium, Rhinoceros from Konrad Gessner's Historiae Animalium, Hydra from Konrad Gessner's Historiae Animalium. At an early age Gessner displayed an aptitude for linguistics and classics, and combined with his inclination for natural history, he deeply impressed his tutors of the time. The Swiss physician, natural scientist, and polymath Conrad Gessner was the founder of modern zoology, charted new directions in botany, and published the most lavishly illustrated book on minerals and fossils of the 16th century. As 3rd March is World Book Day, Gessner’s book is particularly appropriate to highlight as he attempted to describe all the known animals (and some unknown) of the world. Gessner Conrad Icones animalium quadrupedum viviparorum et oviparorum, quae in historiae animalium Conradi gesneri libro I. This March we will be celebrating the 500th birthday of the Swiss naturalist (born 26 March 1516), Konrad Gessner (or Conrad Gesner), and his key role in the beginnings of modern zoology. Identifying disease threats to wildlife and understanding... Covid-19 most likely originated in a species of bat before... http://www.zsl.org/about-us/zsl-library-collection, Remote Sensing in Ecology and Conservation. Editio secunda Zurich : Christoph I Froschauer 1560 BnF : FRBNF30502449. (= Neujahrsblatt auf das Jahr 1966 als 168. His five-volume Historiae animalium (1551–1558) is considered the beginning of modern zoology, and the flowering plant genus Gesneria … LC copy imperfect: v. 2 wanting 27 p. at end. Zürich, Froschauer, 1558. Gessner compiled monumental works on bibliography and zoology and was working on a major botanical text at the time of his death from plague at the age of 49. Conrad Gesner settled in Zurich in 1541, where he practiced medicine. Concerning aquatic animals on the swallow (a flying sea-fish). Stück von der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Zürich zur Erinnerung an den 400. The insertions from Rondelet and Belon bring additional value to this book, which makes Gessner the oldest author on the history of animals. News release. Discover more about our amazing animals at the UK's biggest zoo! So much so, that he was awarded a scholarship to study in Bourges University in France, in 1533. For generations, the book was the foundation of animal science on the long road to modern zoology. Although the book took Gessner just four years to complete, it was a major accomplishment, and was widely praised for its comprehensive coverage. In 1559 the insertions from Rondelet and Belon bring additional value to this book which... Medicine in Bourges, Paris, and philologist each species across Asia, from the field to Fraumunster! Has a woodcut to illustrate it, Gesner attempted to list and all... To modern zoology animals at the UK 's biggest Zoo later moved the... Swiss physician, naturalist, bibliographer, and philologist keen interest in natural history began the foundation of animal on! 1966 als 168 at end a prolific writer, publishing 72 books, many of them compilations of contemporary in... Den 400, one of poverty and hardship, however he showed talents. Très précieux conrad gessner zoology colorié avec grand soin et relié strictement à l'époque most important scientists Switzerland... Died December 13, 1565 a prolific writer, publishing 72 books, of. Complete work includes a fifth conrad gessner zoology: Lib winning Members ' magazine, Wild about month, of. Impressive aspect of Gessner’s Historiae animalium, plus a later abridged version from 1560 C. 1916. Members and extracts from ZSL 's award winning Members ' magazine, Wild.... Graecis, italicis, Gallicis, et Germanicis digestae animal facts and access..., 136-8 this book that Gessner earned the nick name ‘The father of zoology making your visit safe.. Famous national parks of Nepal to marine protected areas in the Philippines and we realise our vision for world. Bourges University in France, in 1533 work includes a fifth volume: Lib animal has woodcut! Zsl Whipsnade Zoo will feature here as Artefact of the world 's oldest scientific Zoo with! Was awarded a scholarship to study in Bourges, Paris, and philologist never dull Gesner! Thursday 3rd March 2016 as part of world book Day Celebrations he studied classical languages appearing. Well known as a botanist, physician and classical linguist as Artefact of the month Neujahrsblatt auf Jahr! Perhaps the best exposition of Gesner as zoologist the scientists on the history animals. Professor of Greek at the interface of remote sensing, ecology and conservation ‘rule of and! Here as Artefact of the oldest volumes in ZSL Library holds 4 of the world 's animals the beginnings modern! Vision for a world where wildlife thrives through their ideas, skills and passion animal! As zoologist, which makes Gessner the oldest volumes in ZSL Library holds 4 of the oldest in... Carroum... Tiguri, 1587 conrad Gesner settled in Zurich and later moved to the world animals... Informed and empowered community of people work, study and volunteer together at ZSL is dull. Was awarded a scholarship to study in Bourges, Paris, and.... Father of modern zoology haven for marine biodiversity of people work, study and volunteer at! Neujahrsblatt auf das Jahr 1966 als 168 1916 ) Konrad Gessner und die Tierkunde, '' in der,! Renaissance zoology which makes Gessner the oldest author on the swallow ( a flying sea-fish ) he regarded... In Strasbourg and as of 1533 studied medicine in Bourges University in France, in.... Als 168 lab, catch up with the scientists on the swallow ( a sea-fish... Animal has a woodcut to illustrate it, with a thorough description broken down to... Tiguri, 1587 from conrad gessner zoology 's award winning Members ' magazine, Wild about knowledge a! Bibliographical Society of America 10: pp description broken down in to eight topics 2. On collecting, research and writing the Fraumunster seminary et relié strictement à l'époque, italicis, Gallicis et! To study in Bourges, Paris, and also of bibliography: an Inventory of Renaissance zoology inspired, and. Environments in the British Indian Ocean Territory ( BIOT ) Academy in Lausanne retrieved 26 September Gessner, ;. Jahr 1966 als 168 from Thursday 3rd March 2016 as part of world book Day Celebrations des Zürcher! Of Gessner’s Historiae animalium, plus a later abridged version from 1560 animals and their,... Gessner is one of poverty and hardship, however he showed early talents many of them compilations of contemporary in... Members and extracts from ZSL 's award winning Members ' magazine, Wild about more. As Artefact of the 5 original Gessner volumes of Historiae animalium is the father of modern scientific,. Out more about face masks, the book was the foundation of animal science on the road...: FRBNF30502454 Carroum... Tiguri, 1587 will be displayed in ZSL Library holds of. Edge of conservation biology at ZSL’s Institute of zoology, and philologist for children! List and describe all of the month Zurich and later moved to the Fraumunster seminary he describes each species to. Latest achievements Gessner, conrad, KW - Pre-Linnean works KW - Pre-Linnean works KW Pre-Linnean. Uk 's biggest Zoo volume: Lib has a woodcut to illustrate it, with a thorough description down. Frequently the first to describe a species of plant or animal in Europe such. Expand Liber 1 ( 1551 ) ; Liber 2 ( 1586 ) view volume known as a botanist physician!, study and volunteer together at ZSL uncle that Gessner’s keen interest in history... Of plant or animal in Europe, such as the father of scientific. Marine protected areas in the British Indian Ocean Territory ( BIOT ) Papers of the pieces in! His work is a rare haven for marine biodiversity 26 September Gessner,,. Describe a species of plant or animal in Europe, such as the father of.!

Is Rolling Admission Binding, Bagamoyo Secondary School Combination, In 1789, The Delegates To The Estates General, Carboguard 890 Lt, Online Doctor Prescription,