Numerous cultivars have been developed, of which the following have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit: Amaranthus cruentus 'Oeschberg' flowerhead, Amaranthus cruentus 'Foxtail' flower closeup. Vegetables. Chard (Beta vulgaris) is also known as ‘Swiss chard’, ‘silver beet’, ‘mangold’ and other names. While A. cruentus is no longer a staple food in North and Central America, it is still grown and sold as a health food. Species across the genus contain concentric rings of vascular bundles, and fix carbon efficiently with a C4 photosynthetic pathway. Healthier and fresher Water spinach plants are cultivated in the … Amaranthus cruentus is a tall annual herb topped with clusters of dark pink flowers. Unknown 27 October 2018 at 20:25. Leaves are … The ultimate vitamin content is dependent on the age of the plant and method of preparation; the plants contain vitamin A and vitamin C and complement the low levels of calcium, magnesium and iron in maize. Water . In Kerala, it is called chuvanna cheera ("ചുവന്ന ചീര") or commonly, cheera ("ചീര"). By nature, it does best in a warm, tropical climate. Who knew spinach could taste so good? Healthier and fresher Water spinach plants are cultivated in the hydroponic method. New Zealand Spinach has crisp, succulent leaves that melt in your mouth as you bite down on them. The seeds are eaten as a cereal grain. Spinach thrives in slightly alkaline soil with a pH between 6.5 and 7.5. Celosia argentea is used as an ornamental in gardens worldwide, but it is not often planted for food outside of West Africa. An examination of three widely consumed variants have found that its consumption may lower the risk of vascular-related chronic diseases and type 2 diabetes. Seeds should be planted 20 mm deep. They are black in the wild plant, and white in the domesticated form. Many people will... African Spinach. It is one of three Amaranthus species cultivated as a grain source, the other two being Amaranthus hypochondriacus and Amaranthus caudatus. [6], English = Pigweed Afrikaans Hanekam Scientifically =, Cookbook: English = Pigweed Afrikaans Hanekam Scientifically =, Conservation and utilization of indigenous vegetables in Botswana, The occurrence of toxogenic moulds in traditional household Morogo of Giyana, The level of mycotic and mycotoxigenic Fusaria in traditional morogo and the agro-environment of Dikgale Demographic Surveillance Site, "Astronomic gastronomic menu for big bash", "How healthy is traditional morogo in Africa", "Linolenic acid and folate in wild-growing African dark leafy vegetables (morogo)", "The occurrence of toxogenic moulds in traditional household Morogo of Giyana", "The level of mycotic and mycotoxigenic Fusaria in traditional morogo and the agro-environment of Dikgale Demographic Surveillance Site", "Conservation and utilization of indigenous vegetables in Botswana", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Morogo&oldid=990300726, Articles with dead external links from November 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 November 2020, at 22:59. Native: Introduced: Both: Absent/Unreported ... Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Some varieties are more cold tolerant than others. While Swiss chard … Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. The plant is usually green in color, but a purple variant was once grown for use in Inca rituals. Use flood irrigation, a sprinkler, a watering can, a hosepipe or drip irrigation. Mechanical planting is done as well to ensure correct spacing at planting. They are tasty and commonly used to make a delicious salad. Find spinach plant stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. Make a furrow in the soil 1/2-inch deep with a trowel. The plant can grow up to 2 m (6 ft) in height, and blooms in summer to fall. In South Africa one of the varieties is known as "pigweed" in English, "hanekam" in Afrikaans and scientifically, Amaranthus sp. For instance, it can be used to treat symptoms of pile, diarrhea and dysentary. How to Grow African Spinach 1. Malabar Spinach (Basella alba) and New Zealand Spinach (Tetragonia tetragonoides) are two heat-tolerant leafy greens that are similar to common spinach. It is an important crop for subsistence farmers in Africa.[4]. Foliage loses its green luster, gradually wilts and turns yellow, beginning with the oldest leaves. Key Words: aquaponics, plant density, survival rate, specific growth rate, catfish ... oxygen, and bacteria. In addition to spinach, there are other leafy plants that have a similar flavour and health benefits. SI-BAE Annual Report #30 p.87, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Amaranthus_cruentus&oldid=982605038, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 05:31. Flowers vary interspecifically from the presence of 3 or 5 tepals and stamens, whereas a 7-porate pollen grain structure remains consistent across the family. It is believed to have originated from Amaranthus hybridus, with which it shares many morphological features. A study found high levels of Alternaria fungi in internal leaf structures and Fusarium fungi on leaf surfaces. & Denton, O.A. ... Plants can be affected any time after the three-leaf stage. Efo igbo, efo tete efo yanrin, ego shoko etc. Unlike spinach, they don’t go to seed as quickly in hot weather and continue to provide greens almost year round. Amaranthus cruentus is a tall annual herb topped with clusters of dark pink flowers. [3] Because of its origins is best adapted to grow in warmer climates. Morogo or Moroho, also known as African spinach, refers to a group of at least three different dark green leafy vegetables found throughout Southern Africa [cowpea, vegetable amaranth, or spider flower] and harvested for human consumption. Planting Method. Spinach plants in garden. The plant can grow up to 2 m (6 ft) in height, and blooms in summer to fall. The stem is used in curry made with vaal hyacinth bean. Smooth, round leaves on upright, compact plants. Morogo or Moroho, also known as African spinach, refers to a group of at least three different dark green leafy vegetables found throughout Southern Africa [cowpea, vegetable amaranth, or spider flower] and harvested for human consumption. A. cruentus is cultivated as an ornamental plant, valued for its feather-like flowering plumes. In Maharashtra, it is called shravani maath ("श्रावणी माठ") or rajgira ("राजगिरा"). Emperor Spinach | This spinach variety are semi-Savoy types of spinach. Direct sowing is used and thinning can take place to ensure the correct spacing. Among the Zuni people, the feathery part of plant ground into a fine meal and used to color ceremonial bread red. Lagos spinach (Celosia argentea; a.k.a. It is considered a traditional South African dish[1] and forms an important part of the staple diet in rural communities.[2]. If the acidity drops below 6.0, the spinach plant's leaves and stems may turn yellow. If your soil is low in magnesium, add dolomitic limestone to raise pH. It commonly occurs where temperatures are fairly high. This spinach plant takes less time to turn into seeds therefore fast in bolting. Water spinach plants are known to be effective in absorbing nutrients in water and can reduce up to 58% of nitrogen waste in fish farming (Setijaningsih & Suryaningrum 2015). It is usually grown from seed as a half-hardy annual, that is sown under glass in early Spring and planted out in summer. Add limestone to the soil to manually adjust pH levels. Other greens come from naturally occurring foliage or shrubs. Longevity spinach originates from the tropical regions of China, Southeast Asia, and Africa. 3.1 Space Spinach: When compared to most smooth-leaved varieties ‘Space Spinach’ is slower to bolt. Nitrogen and … [4], However, in some circumstances Morogo may increase the risk of fungal infection, specifically fusariosis, especially among immunocompromised individuals such as those suffering from Aids. Although the plant can survive short bouts of frost it is not completely resistant to it. African Spinach – African Spinach (Amaranthus cruentus) is a perennial herb used as a leafy vegetable in a number of Nigerian dishes. Amaranthus cruentus is a flowering plant species that yields the nutritious staple amaranth grain. SPINACH (Spinacia oleracea) Because greengrocers often label Swiss chard as spinach, it’s easy to mix them up. spinach General Information; Symbol: SPOL Group: Dicot Family: Chenopodiaceae Duration: Annual: Growth Habit: Forb/herb: Native Status: AK I CAN I L48 I: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. It grows as a warm season annual in most parts of Australia. VEGETABLE GROWING WESTERN CAPE SOUTH AFRICA. Spinach plant of 25th days in winter season December month. Alternative Spinach Varieties (Click IMAGE to Enlarge). Updated on 4 July 2019. quail grass, soko, celosia, feather cockscomb) is a low-maintenance broadleaf annual crop that will grow with minimal effort and resources. It’s good raw, but dissolves into mush when cooked. You may like to read about how to grow spinach in pots. This report is the second in a series of three evaluating underexploited African plant resources that could help broaden and secure Africa's food supply. They have a medium growth rate with a harvest period of 26 days. Grown much like other amaranth plants, these mild-tasting greens are very nutritious. The plants need 1 to 1 … Spinach contains a high content of nitrite that helps in preventing … Water spinach frequently to keep the soil moist; this also helps keep it cool during hot weather. In South Africa it is usually referred to simply as ‘spinach’. An example of these come from the amaranth family and the plants are often mistaken as weeds. They are ground into flour, popped like popcorn, cooked into a porridge, or made into a confectionery called alegría. Efo riro (Nigerian Spinach Stew) is a mouthwatering, savory, African stew made with 'Efo Shoko' (Lagos spinach) or 'Efo Tete' (African spinach). Morogo leaves have a protein content of up to 36%. [5] The crushed leaves and blossoms are also moistened and rubbed on cheeks as rouge.[6]. Water the plants regularly. Grow them in the summer, when common spinach can’t take the heat. Spinach, Spinacia oleracea, is a leafy herbaceous annual plant in the family Amaranthaceae grown for its leaves which are used as a vegetable. Turn the soil with a shovel and rake it smooth to provide a... 2. A product of PROTA Foundation, Wageningen; Backhuys, Leiden; CTA, Wageningen. Spinach prefers a well-draining soil with a neutral pH and won't be happy at a pH lower than 6.0. Easy to follow step by step instruction guiding you how to grow spinach from seed. Types of African Leafy Greens African Greens. It is considered a traditional South African dish and forms an important part of the staple diet in rural communities. The plant does not cope with excessive cold below 5°C or heat above 30°C. Prepare a sunny garden area where the seeds will grow. Spinach has been found effective in reducing cell division in human stomach and skin cancer cells. [3] The leaves can be cooked like spinach, and the seeds can be germinated into nutritious sprouts. The spinach plants will be semi-dormant during the darker months, requiring infrequent watering and no fertilization. Lg ChocolateTartiflette RecipeChile PoblanoGrey TeaSauce RecipesQuesoEasyPumpkinIce Cream Roast Chicken with Pan Gravy Rows at the University of Alaska Fairbanks botanical gardens Lettuce and water spinach plants are cultivated in the hydroponic method. Healthier and fresher Lettuce and water spinach plants are cultivated in the hydroponic method. Malabar Spinach needs a lot of summer heat and a trellis to climb on to reach its true potential—a 10’ (3 m) vine! … Stevenson, Matilda Coxe 1915 Ethnobotany of the Zuni Indians. Higher temperatures slow down the growth. Geographical distribution of Spinach in Africa. The spinach plant has simple leaves which stem from the center of the plant and measure about 2–30 cm (0.8–12.0 in) long and 1 to 15 cm (0.4–6.0 in) across. 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