Today, around 60 percent of the island is an exclusion zone that can only be visited with special permission, including Plymouth. The map in question, if it was in fact published in 1559 using other more ancient maps and information, is proof then of the statement made for the reason that no one in the 16th century had any theory of a land bridge in existence in the more distant past, having no knowledge of the area. And it vanished in a manner that will put the movie ‘2012’ to shame. The 20th century in particular saw the shattering of ancient kingdoms and the birth of many new states, some of … Abandoned buildings may seem like they'll always be part of your local landscape, but many are destroyed and lost forever. This page lists sovereign states, countries, nations, or empires that have ceased to exist as political entities, grouped geographically and by constitutional nature. In the real world, people might attend Krampus balls, or young men from the local Krampusgruppe might don carved wooden masks, cowbells, chains, and elaborate costumes to run through town in a Krampuslauf (Krampus run), frightening and sometimes beating bystanders. Luxor, Egypt The purpose of this post office was entirely so that philatelists could get a cancellation mark from Antarctica. Also known as the Ethiopian Empire, Abyssinia was a kingdom in northeast Africa. It was abandoned in 1300, and archaeologists discovered it only in 1888, when it was found to be the largest settlement in the rock in North America. In 1960, the population of Centralia, Pennsylvania was 1435 people. Today, the cities of Jericho … One can find such newborn ghost towns in different parts of the world. By Meghan Miner Murray. The families would hang the birch twigs on the wall for the rest of the year as decoration—and to remind kids to stay in line. At one point, these ancient cities were the capital of major civilizations and a … Lukangol was a city of 20,000 in South Sudan that was completely destroyed in late 2011 due to ethnic clashes. In the 5th century CE, the Ephthalites invaded and destroyed much of the city while simultaneously lessening the presence and influence of Buddhism in the region. When the Ephthalites were defeated, the city wasn't restored, and a century later a chronicler noted that the city was still desolate, soon to be abandoned. While it was largely established to protect St. Augustine from British attack, the site is also the earliest known European-sanctioned free black community in the modern United States. In Europe and western Asia there were many states that rose to power and then later fell. Some theories suggest that the river dried up, while others cite a flood or invasion by nomadic cattle herders. The numerous archeological discoveries testify to the way the world looked in the past. Like Pompeii, it was buried by the volcano, but unlike that famed excavation site, there's a noticeable lack of bodies at Akrotiri, indicating that the population had enough warning to escape before the eruption occurred. Stylish meeting of two queens: Queen Maxima and Queen Rania in Hague! Although there are some dissenters, it's generally agreed that in 1962, some trash was set on fire and the fire spread to a coal seam. Good luck deal hunting! According to UNESCO, "the relict cultural landscape of the villages also constitutes an important illustration of the transition from the ancient pagan world of the Roman Empire to Byzantine Christianity." The residents were forced out, although there is evidence that around 300 people refused to leave and were drowned when the city was flooded in 1940. A grand city, center of trade, full of Arabs, Romans and Easterners, an oasis in the desert. But you might also encounter a procession of Krampuses stalking through the town, laden with bells and chains, intimidating onlookers or whipping them with bundles of sticks. In Austria and across the German-speaking Alpine region, the demonic character is a crucial part of the holiday season. . For instance, Ludwig Schnegg makes the masks for all 80 members of the Haiming Krampusgruppe—and he’s been making them since 1981. And the cause was entirely human. And apart from that, very little is known of the city. What happened to the settlement has long been debated, but recent archaeology has indicated that Greenland’s exports had ceased being in demand, and as the community became more and more remote, people began migrating back to more centralized communities in Norway, Iceland, and Denmark. The city was submerged due to an increase in sea level. . The government bought most of the remaining citizens out, but a few residents fought to be able to live out their lives there. "15 There were five Little Americas over the course of several decades. 10 Ancient Greek Cities that No Longer Exist or Greek Alexandria, Modern Egypt. This changed with the Svalbard Treaty that gave the archipelago to Norway on the condition that Norway not unduly interfere with certain rights of other signatories, such as mining activities, based on nationality. Located in the Supe Valley in Peru, Caral is one of the most ancient lost cities of the Americas.It was as inhabited between roughly 2600 BC and 2000 BC. Today, these ruins are all that is left of buildings raised by powerful and great ancient civilizations that no longer exist. St. Nick brings the gifts, and Krampus brings the pain. Wrong. And everybody knows about the Maya and their famous calendar.But other ancient peoples get short shrift in world history. The M haplotype carried by the ancient Europeans, which no longer exists in Europe today, shared a common ancestor with modern-day M-haplotype carriers around 50,000 years ago. Merv's wealth came from a strategic position for trade routes and dams that provided the city with water. Founded by Norse explorers around 986 CE, it's estimated that at its largest, the Eastern Settlement in Greenland had around 5000 people living in the area. Amazingly, no one died, but the majority of the town's 128 people were left homeless (only one house survived the storm). Before 1920, it existed as an international Wild West, with no nation having ownership. The Sultanate of Ubar. Other scholars insist that it's real, and in 2008 officials in a Peruvian town announced that they discovered it along a heavily forested section of the mountains. According to the National Park Service, Nan Madol was built around 1200 CE. It’s the most famous city from ancient Mesopotamia and the ruins can be found in modern-day Iraq. At times we were chased, jostled and struck, but compared with the brutality we witnessed, it was obvious we had been spared the full brunt of what Krampus could muster. The Norwegians had already attempted to mine coal in the area, but abandoned it, and the Soviet Union stepped in to work the land. At the height of its glory in the 7th and 6th centuries B.C.E., the city of Babylon was the largest and wealthiest in the ancient world. It was built expressly to test the damage resulting from the Apple-2 nuclear test in 1955. But we only get commission on items you buy and don’t return, so we’re only happy if you’re happy. The Sultanate of Ubar. Depending on how you count, there are between 195 to 207 countries. According to ancient tax rolls, the second largest town in 13th century Wales was likely Trellech, which comprised about 400 buildings before being destroyed, most likely due to a combination of attacks, fire, and disease. Countries That No Longer Exist. Sadly, by the time it was made Montana’s first territorial capital, the city was already in decline due to crime and other gold deposits being discovered elsewhere in the territory. Though it didn’t rise to the level of a ban, in 1953 the head of Vienna’s kindergarten system also published a pamphlet calling Krampus “an evil man” and warning parents that celebrating him could scar their children for life. After a day it was 150 feet high, and by the end of that year it was over a thousand feet. Known in ancient Egyptian sources for its abundance of gold and other valuable natural resources, Kush was conquered and exploited by its northern neighbor for nearly half a millennium (circa 1500–1000 B.C.). Among these towns are Bittersweet and the either ironically or aptly named Neversink, which was relocated. Consonno was originally a medieval town that survived for centuries with a small population of around 300. For some reason though, activity spiked in the early 1900s when local legend says that Al Capone had a bootlegging operation there, thanks to the area's high ground and remote location. After the Spanish gave Florida to Britain in 1763, the community moved to Cuba. Take a look at some of them: A city where Indian tribes lived from 900 to 1200 of the new era. Often, we imagine the past as something grandiose, mystical, magnificent, a time when the ancient nations tirelessly created and searched. Nan Madol, off the shore of Pohnpei, is best known as the only existing ancient city built on top of a coral reef. The next day, though, is Nikolastaug, St. Nicholas' Day—the same St. Nicholas whose Dutch name, Sinterklass, evolved into “Santa Claus.” In other words, it’s time for presents for all the little girls and boys … that is, all the ones who haven’t already been beaten, damned, or drowned. The post 12 Amazing Abandoned Places That No Longer Exist … You might see him posed harmlessly on a greeting card or reproduced in chocolates or figurines. Pavlopetri is a city that existed from the Stone Age up to 1000 BC and is a place that provides an... Akrotiri – Santorini, Greece. Some places have remained to this day, some have completely changed, and there are also ancient cities that are completely lost and no longer exist. He might toss them into a sack or basket on his back and then throw it in a stream, or he might straight-up take them to hell. Every year, new cities are built from scratch around the world. There were only three recorded fatalities, all due to lightning from the eruption. Elegant mother and daughter: Katie Holmes and the Little Suri in Flower Dresses! Only a nickname, Survival Town is an odd city because no one ever actually lived there. There are usually some kind of horns and hides involved, but there’s also a lot of free rein. As technology evolved, the borders of nations shifted, and entire states rose and fell. The Akkadian Empire lasted around two centuries before collapsing over reasons that historians still debate. The Akkadian Empire took its name from the capital city, Akkad (or Agade). Krampus has also been a fixture on Austrian holiday greeting cards since the 1800s, where he’s shown pursuing women or menacing children. 10. From the tragic to the mysterious, you won't believe these fascinating tales of cities that no longer exist. In the 79th year of the new era, Pompeii was destroyed by the great volcanic eruption of Vesuvius. But he got grafted onto Christian tradition as a sidekick of St. Nicholas, similar to figures like Zwarte Piet in the Netherlands and Knecht Ruprecht in Germany. She told Archaeology in 2014 "There’s a J.C. Penney page—it must be from this test—that shows mannequins before and after…You have this 'before' picture of the dressed mannequin, and afterwards sometimes an arm's gone, or whatever. Another set of flooded towns exist in New York, condemned in the 1940s to give New York City more drinking water. The towns of Kitzbühel and Stallhofen both feature Krampus museums that collect old costumes and masks. Between 1934 and 1938, when Austria was under Fascist rule, Krampus was seen as a symbol of (variously) sin, anti-Christian ideals, and Social Democrats. We at Bright Side wondered why this happens, and look what we've found. The list below is far from comprehensive, but it includes the most notable former countries. One of these mining towns was Humberstone, but the modern UNESCO area contained over 200 saltpeter works and dozens of towns popped up. Akrotiri, the city on the island of Santorini, is a fine example of the skillfulness of the builders of the Minoan civilization in Greece. Alexandria is one of the greatest Hellenistic and traditional cultural centers in the city of... Byzantion (Constantinople), Modern Turkey. All of these cities have rich histories and many ruins and monuments continue to stand and are visited annually by thousands of tourists. STABIAE, ITALY. A 1958 article about the Krampus legend in Styria (a state in southeast Austria) reports that Krampus would deliver gold-painted bundles of birch sticks to children. By 2010 it was 10. On the night of January 26, 1917, the fishing village of Hallsands in Devon fell into the sea. 8. In 1954 the state of Montana acquired most of the land, and today it's Bannack State Park. Today, these communities, such as Aravichy and Dronki, exist in the Polessye State Radioecological Reserve, which has turned into a large scale nature preserve. Originally, Krampus was a purely pagan creation, said to be the son of Hel from Norse mythology. Today, a few buildings survive from the site, but according to Colleen Beck of the Desert Research Institute, something more fashionable may also have survived. San Juan Parangaricutiro used to be the principal town in its region of Mexico, a thriving city of 4000 people centered by an 18th century church. The city of Uruk, today considered the oldest in the world, was first settled in c. 4500 BCE and walled cities, for defence, were common by 2900 BCE throughout the region. Los Angeles in particular has a burgeoning Krampus scene. It is located on the top of the Andes, and it belonged to the Inca which settled it somewhere between 1450 and 1572. Years of construction and demolition followed, until 1976, when a landslide isolated Consonno and ended Bagno's dream of a "City of Toys." Years later, a hunter missed a shot and his arrow hit the bell of what is now known as Hedal Stave Church, rediscovering this abandoned village. When Krampus does more than whack naughty children with sticks. ... but that theory is no longer in vogue. It's possible that Merv in modern Turkmenistan was the largest city in the world for a few years in the 12th century, with a population around 200,000 people. Cristiano Ronaldo and Giorgiana Rodríguez, a modern couple at a ceremony in Lisbon. Comprising 92 artificial islands, the city served as the center of the Saudeleur dynasty who ruled the island. Soon after, experts denounced their find as a natural formation, meaning the real Paititi remains lost. In 1900, part of the sea wall was destroyed by a storm, and dredging was soon stopped. This gave rise to Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose, otherwise known as Fort Mose, on the outskirts of St. Augustine. Eventually, the lava reached San Juan Parangaricutiro and the church was partially buried. Some would flee and try to seek refuge in a shop or restaurant, only to be pursued by a determined Krampus. "14 "The city of OT times is represented today by a mound 70 feet high and 10 acres in area . Here are some things you might not have known about Santa's demonic companion. One of the settlements on the island at the time of the eruption nearly 3600 years ago was Akrotiri. A few aftershocks followed the initial quake, some as strong as 4.0 and 5.5- magnitude. 30 Cities Around the World That No Longer Exist 1. Who is Krampus? As for Wilson, he hopes to start a campsite at the area and continues digging. According to Archaeology, the town was fitted with utilities, industrial buildings, cars, fully stocked kitchens, and even a propane tank farm alongside dozens of mannequins. Fortunately, the ash discovered the remains of ancient cities. These ‘missing links’ are being put together by these incredible ancient maps that prove mankind inhabited our planet much longer than what mainstream scholars believe. Mental Floss has affiliate relationships with certain retailers, including Amazon, and may receive a small percentage of any sale. Today, these ruins are all that is left of buildings raised by powerful and great ancient civilizations that no longer exist. It was an image reminiscent of an Arabian nights folk tale. These city-states, countries, empires, and geographic regions feature prominently in ancient history. And it vanished in a manner that will put the movie ‘2012’ to shame. In the late 17th and 18th centuries, Florida was an area of Spanish land next to several English colonies. The morning of the disaster, Sergio Pirozzi, mayor of Amatrice, told reporters that “half the town no longer exists.” Wedding photos of the Greek singer Sakis Rouvas and model Katya Ziguli. Svalbard is an archipelago in the far north Arctic Ocean. The towns that were hit the hardest include Amatrice, Accumoli and Arquata del Tronto. The first pictures of Britney Spears as Kenzo’s face, Duchess Katherine with perfect spring styling in the last month of the pregnancy, BlurStyle offers you different combination and fashion styles that makes people looks stunning, read everything about latest fashion trends and beauty, All content on this website are DMCA and copyright laws protected. 25 Ancient Greek Cities that No Longer Exist or Are No Longer Greek. He might leave bundles of sticks for bad children—or he might just hit them with the sticks instead. 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